Laparoscopy, or Key-Hole surgery is one of the great advanecs is surgery over the past 30 years. Developed in the late 1980's in America, laparoscopy quickly spread to the rest of the surgical community. By the early 90's about half of the operations done in the UK to remove the gallbladder were completed using laparoscopy. Since then the technique has developed exponentially and now almost all surgical procedures have a Laparoscopic variant.
Laparoscopy involves inflating the abdominal cavity with Carbon Dioxide gas to allow the insertion of a small television camera and remote instruments. The operation is then perfomed using these instruments whilst being viewed on a television screen. The major advantage to the patient is a reduction in the size of teh skin wound required to perform the operation and the accuracy of the operation performed using the magnified television image.